Household Products and Their Hazardous Ingredients

Product type

Possible ingredients

Potential hazards

Air Freshener and Deodorizer

Formaldehyde

Toxic; carcinogen; irritant to eyes, nose, throat, and skin; may cause nausea, headaches, nosebleeds, dizziness, memory loss, and shortness of breath.

Bleach

Sodium hypochlorite

Corrosive, irritates or burns skin, eyes, respiratory tract; may cause pulmonary edema or vomiting and coma if ingested; contact with other chemicals may cause chlorine fumes.

Disinfectant

Sodium hypochlorite

Corrosive; irritates or burns skin, eyes; may cause pulmonary edema or vomiting and coma if ingested.

Phenols[sts1] 

Flammable; very toxic; respiratory, circulatory, or cardiac damage.

Ammonia

Vapor irritating to eyes, respiratory tract, and skin; possible chronic irritation.

Drain Cleaner

Sodium or potassium hydroxide (lye)

Caustic; irritant; inhibits reflexes; burns to skin, eyes; poisonous if swallowed due to severe tissue damage.

Hydrochloric acid

Corrosive; irritant; damage to kidney, liver, and digestive system.

Trichloroethane

Irritant to nose and eyes; central nervous system depression; liver and kidney damage if ingested.

Flea Powder

Carbaryl

Very toxic; interferes with human nervous system; may cause skin, respiratory system, cardiovascular system damage.

Dichlorophene

Skin irritation; may damage liver, kidney, spleen, and central nervous system.

Chlordane and other chlorinated hydrocarbons

Very slow biodegradation; accumulates in food chain; may damage eyes, lungs, liver, kidneys, and skin.

Floor Cleaner Wax

Diethylene glycol

Toxic; causes central nervous system depression and kidney, liver lesions.

Petroleum solvents

Highly flammable; associated with skin and lung cancer; irritant to skin, eyes, nose, throat, lungs.

Ammonia

Vapor irritation to eyes, respiratory tract, and skin; possible chronic irritation.

Furniture Polish

Petroleum distillates or mineral spirits

Highly flammable; moderately toxic; associated with skin and lung cancer; irritant to skin, eyes, nose, throat, lungs; entry into lungs may cause pulmonary edema.

Oven Cleaner

Sodium or potassium hydroxide (lye)

Caustic; irritant; inhibits reflexes; burns to skin, eyes; poisonous if swallowed due to severe tissue damage.

Paint Thinner

Chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons

Slow decomposition; liver and kidney damage.

Esters

Toxicity varies with specific chemical; causes eye, nose, and throat irritation and anesthesia.

Alcohols

Volatile and flammable; eye, nose, and throat irritation.

Chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons

Flammable; toxic; accumulate in food chain.

Ketones

Flammable; toxicity varies with specific chemical; may cause respiratory ailments.

Paint

Aromatic hydrocarbon thinners

Flammable; skin irritant; benzene is a carcinogen; possible liver and kidney damage.

Mineral spirits

Highly flammable; skin, eye, nose, throat, lung irritant; very high air concentrations may cause unconsciousness, death.

Spot Remover

Perchlorethylene or trichloroethane

Slow decomposition; liver and kidney damage; perchlorethylene is suspected carcinogen.

Ammonium hydroxide

Corrosive; vapor extremely irritable to skin, eyes, and respiratory passages; ingestion causes tissue burns.

Sodium hypochlorite

Corrosive; irritates skin, eyes, respiratory tract; may cause pulmonary edema and skin burns.

Toilet Bowl Cleaner

Sodium acid sulfate or oxalate or hypochloric acid

Corrosive; burns from skin contact or inhalation; ingestion may be fatal.

Chlorinated phenols

Flammable; very toxic; respiratory, circulatory, or cardiac damage.

Window Cleaner

Diethylene glycol

Toxic; causes central nervous system depression and degenerative lesions in liver and kidneys.

Ammonia

Vapor irritating to eyes, respiratory tract, and skin; possible chronic irritation.

Wood Stain/Varnish

Mineral spirits, gasoline

Highly flammable; associated with skin and lung cancer; irritant to skin, eyes, nose, throat, lungs; entry into lungs may cause fatal pulmonary edema.

Methyl and ethyl alcohol

Flammable; damage to eyes, skin, central nervous system.

Benzene

Flammable; carcinogen; accumulates in fat, bone marrow, liver tissues.

Lead

Damage to digestive, genitourinary, neuro-muscular and central nervous system; anemia and brain damage.

Antifreeze

Ethylene glycol

Very toxic, 3 ounces can be fatal to adult; damage to cardiovascular system, blood, skin, and kidneys.

Methanol

Moderately toxic; ingestion may cause coma, respiratory damage.

Car Wax, Polish

Petroleum distillates

Associated with and lung cancer; irritant to skin, eyes, nose, lungs; entry into lungs may cause fatal pulmonary edema.

Motor Oil/Gasoline

Petroleum hydrocarbons (benzene)

Highly flammable; associated with skin and lung cancer; irritant to skin, eyes, nose, throat, lungs; pulmonary edema; benzene is a carcinogen.

Lead

Damage to digestive, genitourinary, neuro-muscular, and central nervous system; anemia and brain damage.

 

 

 

 

This table is reproduced as found at:

http://www.healthgoods.com/Shopping/Household_Products/Household_Hazardous_Products.htm


 [sts1]Link phenols